Malware is malicious software or computer programs that are created for the sole purpose to infect computers and cause harm.
It can come in many forms, such as viruses, trojans, spyware and ransomware and they're unwelcome guests in your computer.
Malware can get in your system via a number of ways, such as emails with loaded attachments, exploits in old and outdated software or even on storage devices like USB sticks.
It's quite pesky stuff too, as you might not even notice that your computer is infected until its too late and serious damage has been done. Malware can be both conspicuous and inconspicuous depending on the author's plans.
If the said author uses ransomware, for example, that can be deployed secretly to target high-profile systems, such as those the NHS uses - which is an actual real-life example as WannaCry ended up coasting the service £92 million. Ransomware works by slowly encrypting system files until the user is completely locked out. At this point they'll be offered a ransom fee to get the files back - hence the name.Malware is not something you want crawling around your PC, so immediate removal is the best course of action. Fortunately, there are many types of malware removal tools around and many of them are free, although some have paid upgrades. So whether you're just running a tool for peace of mind, or to remove something specific, here are our top picks to keep your system free of malware.
Malwarebytes is one of the better-known malware removal tools out there, and for good reason. It is able to destroy many types of malware that other software tends to miss, and its real-time scanning means it can trawl through your computer and detect any malicious threats automatically. It's a great tool if you want something you can install and then forget about.
Malwarebytes' Anti-Malware suite is free to use, however, its real-time protection and chameleon technology, which includes deeper root scans and tools for blocking malicious websites (arguably its best features), will only work for the first 14 days. Those premium features will cost you £19.95 per year if you want to upgrade.
AVG AntiVirus Free
AVG’s antivirus includes real-time security updates, scans for both malware and performance issues, and even catches malicious downloads before they reach your PC. It’s also got an all-new simple design that shows you exactly how you’re protected while promising not to slow your computer down.
If you want the all-singing, all-dancing version of the software, which has more features for finding and destroying all kinds of malware, there’s also a paid-for Pro version that includes more robust download protection, offers data encryption and includes a firewall. However, this will set you back £50 a year.
BitDefender Antivirus Free Edition
The best thing about Bitdefender’s free malware removal tool is that it’s ad-free, it doesn’t nag you with lots of irritating pop-up notifications and it’s easy to install, running quietly in the background.
The software features BitDefender’s B-Have tech, which looks for apps that aren’t behaving themselves. It also includes malware and spyware detection that can detect more rare threats, and performs a boot scan every time you start your PC. For all the reasons listed above, BitDefender’s Antivirus Free Edition is one of our favourites out of the bunch.
Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool
The Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool is an anti-malware utility that checks computers running Windows 10, Windows 8 and most other versions of Windows for infections by specific, prevalent malicious software.
It’s completely free to download and when the detection and malware removal process is complete, the tool displays a report describing the outcome, including which, if any, malware was detected and removed.
A simple, no-fuss easy-to-use anti-malware tool for the PC.
Panda Free Antivirus
If you’re looking for a light anti-malware software, Panda Free Antivirus is the one. It’s cloud-based, meaning all the heavy lifting is done on Panda's servers, leaving more of your PC’s system memory to do other, more demanding jobs.
Easy to install and use, Panda’s malware removal software includes Wi-Fi scanning, password management, encryption, parental controls and many more, but best of all, it offers excellent real-time protection with no nagging messages about upgrades.